A united Nations Development Programme (UNDP) report indicates that, with a gross domestic product of $1.242 trillion, Mexico ranked 15th among the largest economies in the world in 2019. For that same year, with a Human Development Index of 0.767, Mexico was considered a country with high human development, 76th out of 189. However, Mexican society faces challenges that are not captured by income-based measurements. Such challenges include inequality and poverty, manifested in unequal regional development and contrasts between population groups. In its National Development Plan 2019-2024, the Government of Mexico adopted the principle “Leave no one behind, leave no one out”. Together with the establishment of the National Strategy for the Implementation of the 2030 Agenda in Mexico, it showcases the commitment of Mexico to achieving sustainable development

The economic strategy of Mexico's 4T (the fourth transformation) seeks to address social and economic disparities by implementing policies that prioritize the well-being of marginalized groups and promote self-sufficiency. By investing in social programs, supporting domestic industries, and prioritizing infrastructure development, the government aims to achieve inclusive growth and reduce inequality throughout the country.