What are Specific Learning Difficulties (SpLD)
The term refers to a difference or difficulty with particular aspects of learning.
The most common SpLDS are dyslexia, dyspraxa, attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), dyscalculia and dysgraphia.
An individual may have one of these independently or they can co-exist as part of a wider profile.
What is Dyslexia?
What is Dyspraxia?
‘Dyspraxia’ or developmental co-ordinatation disorder is recognised by the majority of people used to explain a range of movement difficulties.
Dyspraxia affects the planning of what to do and how to do it. It is associated with problems of perception, language and thought.
Movement Matters (movementmattersuk.org)
An umberella body for organisations conconcerned with adults and children with Development Cordination Disorder DCD -dyspraxia
What is Dyscalculia?
Dyscalculia ‘number dyslexia’
4-6% of population have dyscalculia. It’s hard to diagnose and to define what to test because much affects maths ability and therefore there is a lot to measure. Is it a single deficit or comorbid with other SpLD’s? Is it maths with dyslexia or dyslcalculia? Knowledge and understanding of number system is the difference. The spectrum ranges from mild to severe i.e. a bright child who is average with maths.
What is ADHD?
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a diverse condition characterised by symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity; and can have a significant impact on patients lives.
What is Irlen Syndrome? (visual stress)
Irlen syndrome is a form of visual stress frequently found in dyslexics and leads to difficulties with fine vision tasks such as reading
For information on other Special Learning Difficulties: