About Health Profiles

Health Profiles are designed to help local government and health services identify problems in their areas and decide how to tackle them. They provide a snapshot of the overall health of the local population, and highlight potential problems through comparison with other areas and with the national average.

The Health Profiles programme is part of Public Health England, an executive agency of the Department of Health.

Public Health England was established on 1st April 2013 to protect and improve the nation's health and wellbeing and to reduce inequalities. It leads on the development of a 21st century health and wellbeing service, supporting local authorities and the NHS to deliver the greatest possible improvements in public health. For all corporate information please see the Public Health England website.

The Health Profiles are produced at local authority level because they are intended for use by elected Councillors, Directors of Public Health, Council Officers and other members of the Joint Strategic Needs Assessment (JSNA) process, and by members of the Health and Wellbeing Boards. Health Profiles are now an established part of planning for health improvement. Each Health Profile document includes:

  • An ‘At a glance’ summary description of people’s health in the area
  • Maps and charts that show how the health in the area compares to the national and local view
  • Trended information showing changes in death rates over a ten year period of time
  • A 'spine chart' health summary showing the difference in health between the area and the average for England for 32 indicators

This information is also provided via interactive tools which enable comparison of several areas for all indicators in the spine chart.

Updated Health Profiles are produced annually. They are published on this website and stakeholders are emailed to tell them about the new release.


The English Indices of Deprivation 2015 (ID2015) is the most recent official measure of relative deprivation across small areas of England. Published by the Department for Communities and Local Government, the ID2015 update the Indices of Deprivation 2004, 2007, and 2010. The Indices of Deprivation is the collective name for a group of 10 indices which all measure different aspects of deprivation. The overall Index of Multiple Deprivation (IMD) is a weighted combination of seven domains of deprivation:  Income Deprivation (22.5%)  Employment Deprivation (22.5%)  Education, Skills and Training Deprivation (13.5%)  Health Deprivation and Disability (13.5%)  Crime (9.3%)  Barriers to Housing and Services (9.3%)  Living Environment Deprivation (9.3%). In addition to the seven domain-level indices, there are two supplementary indices: the Income Deprivation Affecting Children Index (IDACI) and the Income Deprivation Affecting Older People Index (IDAOPI). Each of these indices are based on a basket of indicators, or sub-domains. 
Most indicators in the ID2015 relate to data from the financial year 2012/2013, which was the most recent data available at the time of constructing the indices. The geographic units used with the Indices are LSOAs, which are also referred to as small areas or neighbourhoods. LSOAs are relatively even in size, containing approximately 1,500 people. England has been divided into 32,844 LSOAs (there were 32,482 in 2010), each of which has been assigned a score and a rank for each of the Indices. For information use the English Index of Multiple Deprivation 2015 at IMD Explorer.

Public Health England: Welcome to local health data with interactive maps at small area level. It provides quality assured health information.


From the above, two wards in Gloucester have a significantly worse index of deprivation compared to the English average. They are also within the top 10 % of most deprived wards in the country. One indicator is the 'healthy life expectancy' and for males is 55.9 years which is classed as significantly worse than the 'English average' of 63.5 years and the 'English best' of 80.2 years.


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