Wildlife in the Park
Single Teal on the pond 2nd Feb 2017
An interesting period for wildfowl from the end of November till early December 2016 with 3 Tufted Ducks, one Wigeon Duck and one Little Grebe on the pond joining the usual couple of Mallards and half a dozen Moorhens.
4th August 2016 This Giant Woodwasp - Urocerus gigas was found in the Park today. I've never seen one here before. They are a woodboring insect.About 2 inches long.
30th June 8 newly hatched Moorhen chicks left their nest but unfortunately the Gulls took 4. Fingers crossed for the remaining 4.
9th May 2016 Because of the cold wet April most butterflyies have been weeks late in emerging. The first Speckled Woods, Orangetips and Holly Blues were not seen till the first wek in May. Five Holly Blues were seen on 9th May which is encouraging.
Blackcap, Chiffchaff and Willow Warblers (all summer visitors) are back and filling the park with their songs.
24th April 2014 First Speckled Wood Butterflies have been seen in the last week and today one Holly Blue was seen.
NEST BOXES The majority of the 25 nest boxes were used by Blue Tits in 2013 .
When cleaning out the nest boxes after the breeding season between 2 and 5 Svensson's Copper Underwing Moths were found roosting in most of the boxes.
At least two pairs of Great Spotted Woodpeckers again had young in May 2013
Northumberland Park is a traditional Victorian Park created in the gently sloping natural dene created by the Pow Burn which ran from Preston Village down to the River Tyne. The park covers an area of approximately 12 hectares and is a designated Site of Nature Conservation (SNCI) within Tynemouth Conservation area and forms part of an important wildlife corridor.
Although it has lawns, bowling greens and formal areas around the park edges and on the steep bank sides are woodland. The ornamental pond in the centre of the park and the remnants of the Pow Burn provides habitat for aquatic species. Dragonflies may be seen in the summer months and many different species of ducks appear now and then as well as the occasional Cormorant, Heron, Little Egret and Kingfisher.
113 species of birds have been recorded in the park of which 36 are known to have bred. The different seasons bring summer and winter visitors to add to the common resident species.
Mammals recorded in the park are Roe Deer, Badger, Fox, Rabbit, Hedgehog, Brown Rat, Grey Squirrel, House Mouse, Wood Mouse, Short Tailed Vole, Common Shrew and Pygmy Shrew.
Bats recorded include Common Pipistrelle, Nathusius Pipistrelle, Natterer’s, Whiskered/Brandts and Noctule.
An impressive list of 21 species of Butterfly have also been recorded in the park illustrating what diverse biodiversity it supports.
The wooded areas are dominated by Sycamore (Acer pseudoplantanus), Wych Elm (Ulmus grabla), Ash (Fraxinus excelsior) and Beech (Fagus sylvatica) . There are almost 1500 trees and the ten most common species account for 82% of the total. Over 850 are Sycamore representing 57% of the total. Wych Elm is the second most common although the majority are saplings. Third most common is Ash, fourth is Beech and fifth Holly.
There are still standing many large dead Elms the majority of which were the largest trees in the Park and were killed by Dutch Elm Disease. These rotting trees are however ideal for the Great Spotted Woodpeckers, Nuthatches, fungi and insects.
65 species of trees have been identified and there are some unusual species of which there are only single specimens, among these are the Sessile Oak, the Holm Oak, the Turkish Hazel, the Strawberry Tree and the Sweet Chestnut.
The main shrubberies were planted in strips behind the original flower beds and run parallel to the main paths. These mainly comprise of evergreens such as Laurel, Privet, Daisy Bush and Senecio.
Many areas devoid of a scrub layer have a secondary woodland ground flora including remnant patches of old woodland species (some of which have been planted). Typical species include Cow Parsley (Anthriscus sylvestris), Hogweed (Heracleum sphondylium), Hedge Mustard (Sisymbrium officinale), Nipplewort (Lapsana communis), Ivy Leaved Speedwell (Veronica hederifolia), Foxglove (Digitalis purpurea), Red Campion (Silene dioica), Broad Buckler Fern (Dryopteris dilitata), Male Fern (Dryopteris filix-mas), Wild Garlic (Allium ursinum), Lesser Celandine (Ranunculus ficaria) and Giant Bellflower (Campanula latifolia). A number of ornamental bulbs have also been introduced into these areas including Daffodil (Narcissus spp), Spanish Bluebell (Hyacinthoides hispanicus) and Snowdrop (Galanthus nivalis).